1 Unless expressly provided otherwise, this chapter shall apply to ships the keels of which are laid or which are at a similar stage of construction on or after 1 July 1986.
2 For the purpose of this chapter the term "a similar stage of construction" means the stages at which:
.1 construction identifiable with a specific ship begins; and
.2 assembly of that ship has commenced comprising at least 50 tonnes or 1 % of the estimated mass of all structural material, whichever is less.
3 For the purpose of this chapter:
.1 the expression "ships constructed" means "ships the keels of which are laid or which are at a similar stage of construction ";
.2 the expression "all ships" means "ships constructed before, on or after 1 July 1986"; the expressions "all passenger ships" and "all cargo ships" shall be construed accordingly;
.3 a cargo ship, whenever built, which is converted to a passenger ships shall be treated as a passenger ship constructed on the date on which such a conversion commences.
4 For ships constructed before 1 July 1986, the Administration shall:
.1 ensure that, subject to the provisions of paragraphs 4.2 and 4.3, the requirements which are applicable under chapter III of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, in force prior to 1 July 1986 to new or existing ships as prescribed by that chapter are complied with;
.2 consider the life-saving appliances and arrangements in ships which do not comply with the requirements referred to in paragraph 4.1, with a view to securing, so far as this is reasonable and practicable and as early as possible, substantial compliance with those requirements;
.3 ensure that when life-saving appliances or arrangements on such ships are replaced or such ships undergo repairs, alterations or modifications of a major character which involve replacement of, or any addition to, their existing life-saving appliances or arrangements, such life-saving appliances or arrangements, in so far as is reasonable and practicable, comply with the requirements of this chapter. However, if a survival craft is replaced without replacing its launching appliance, or vice versa, the survival craft or launching appliance may be of the same type as that replaced;
.4 approve the life-saving appliances to be provided in compliance with paragraph 6. The Administration may permit those life-saving appliances provided on board ships prior to 1 July 1991 not to comply fully with the requirements of this chapter as long as they remain in a satisfactory condition;
.5 except as provided for survival craft and launching appliances referred to in paragraph 4.3, ensure that life-saving appliances replaced or installed on or after 1 July 1991 are evaluated, tested and approved in accordance with the requirements of regulations 4 and 5.
5 With respect to ships constructed before 1 July 1986, the requirements of regulations III/8, 9, 10, 18, 21.3, 21.4, 25, 26.3, 27.2, 27.3 and 30.2.7 and, to the extent prescribed therein, regulation 19 shall apply.
6 With respect to ships constructed before 1 February 1992, regulation III/6.2, shall apply not later than 1 February 1995.
1 The Administration may, if it considers that the sheltered nature and conditions of the voyage are such as to render the application of any specific requirements of this chapter unreasonable or unnecessary, exempt from those requirements individual ships or classes of ships which, in the course of their voyage, do not proceed more than 20 miles from the nearest land.
2 In the case of passenger ships which are employed in special trades for the carriage of large numbers of special trade passengers such as the pilgrim trade, the Administration, if satisfied that it is impracticable to enforce compliance with the requirements of this chapter, may exempt such ships from those requirements, provided that such ships comply fully with the provision of:
.1 the rules annexed to the Special Trade Passenger Ships Agreement, 1971; and
.2 the rules annexed to the Protocol on Space Requirements for Special Trade Passenger Ships, 1973.
For the purpose of this chapter, unless expressly provided otherwise:
1 Certificated person is a person who holds a certificate of proficiency in survival craft issued under the authority of, or recognized as valid by, the Administration in accordance with the requirements of the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, in force; or a person who holds a certificate issued or recognized by the Administration of a State not a Party to that Convention for the same purpose as the convention certificate.
2 Detection is the determination of the location of survivors or survival craft.
3 Embarkation ladder is the ladder provided at survival craft embarkation stations to permit safe access to survival craft after launching.
4 Float-free launching is that method of launching a survival craft whereby the craft is automatically released from a sinking ship and is ready for use.
5 Free-fall launching is that method of launching a survival craft whereby the craft with its complement of persons and equipment on board is released and allowed to fail into the sea without any restraining apparatus.
6 Immersion suit is a protective suit which reduces the body heat-loss of a person wearing it in cold water.
7 Inflatable appliance is an appliance which depends upon non-rigid, gas filled chambers for buoyance and which is normally kept uninflated until ready for use.
8 Inflated appliance is an appliance which depends upon non-rigid, gas filled chambers for buoyancy and which is kept inflated and ready for use at all times.
9 Launching appliances or arrangements is a means of transferring a survival craft or rescue boat from its stowed position safely to the water.
10 Length is 96% of the total length on a waterline at 85% of the least moulded depth measured from the top of the keel, or the length from the fore-side of the stem to the axis of the rudder stock on that waterline, if that be greater. In ships designed with a rake of keel the waterline on which this is measured shall be parallel to the designed waterline.
11 Moulded depth
.1 The moulded depth is the vertical distance measured from the top of the keel to the top of the freeboard deck beam at side. In wood and composite ships the distance is measured from the lower edge of the keel rabbet. Where the form at the lower part of the midship section is of a hollow character, or where thick garboards are fitted, the distance is measured from the point where the line of the flat of the bottom continued inwards cuts the side of the keel.
.2 In ships having rounded gunwales, the moulded depth shall be measured to the point of intersection of the moulded lines of the deck and side shell plating, the lines extending as though the gunwales were of angular design.
.3 Where the freeboard deck is stepped and the raised part of the deck extends over the point at which the moulded depth is to be determined, the moulded depth shall be measured to a line of reference extending from the lower part of the deck along a line parallel with the raised part.
12 Novel life-saving appliance or arrangement is a life-saving appliance or arrangement which embodies new features not fully covered by the provisions of this chapter but which provides an equal or higher standard of safety.
13 Rescue boat is a boat designed to rescue persons in distress and to marshal survival craft.
14 Retrieval is the safe recovery of survivors.
15 Retro-reflective material is a material which reflects in the opposite direction a beam of light directed on it.
16 Short international voyage is an international voyage in the course of which a ship is not more than 200 miles from a port or place in which the passengers and crew could be placed in safety. Neither the distance between the last port of call in the country in which the voyage begins and the final port of destination nor the return voyage shall exceed 600 miles. The final port of destination is the last port of call in the scheduled voyage at which the ship commences its return voyage to the country in which the voyage began.
17 Survival craft is a craft capable of sustaining the lives of persons in distress from the time of abandoning the ship.
18 Thermal protective aid is a bag or suit made of waterproof material with low thermal conductivity.
1 Except as provided in paragraphs 5 and 6, life-saving appliances and arrangements required by this chapter shall be approved by the Administration.
2 Before giving approval to life-saving appliances and arrangements, the Administration shall ensure that such life-saving appliances and arrangements:
.1 are tested, to confirm that they comply with the requirements of this chapter, in accordance with the recommendations of the Organization:*
.2 have successfully undergone, to the satisfaction of the Administration, tests which are substantially equivalent to those specified in those recommendations.
3 Before giving approval to novel life-saving appliances or arraignments, the Administration shall ensure that such appliances or arrangements:
.1 provide safety standards at least equivalent to the requirements of this chapter and have been evaluated and tested in accordance with the recommendations of the Organization;** or
.2 have successfully undergone, to the satisfaction of the Administration, evaluation and tests which are substantially equivalent to those recommendations.
4 Procedures adopted by the Administration for approval shall also include the conditions whereby approval would continue or would be withdrawn.
* Reference is made to the "Recommendation on Testing of life-Saving Appliances" adopted by the Organization in resolution A.689(17).
** Reference is made to the "Code of Practice for the Evaluation, Testing and Acceptance of Prototype Novel Life-Saving Appliances and Arrangements" adopted by the Organization in resolution A.520(13).
5 Before accepting life-saving appliances and arrangements that have not been previously approved by the Administration, the Administration shall be satisfied that life-saving appliances and arrangements comply with the requirements of this chapter.
6 Life-saving appliances required by this chapter for which detailed specifications are not included in part С shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration.
The Administration shall require life-saving appliances to be subjected to such production tests as are necessary to ensure that the life-saving appliances are manufactured to the same standard as the approved prototype.
1 Paragraph 2 applies to all passenger ships and to all cargo ships of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards. With respect to ships constructed before 1 February 1992, paragraph 2 shall apply not later than 1 February 1995. However, ships other than cargo ships of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards but less than 500 tons gross tonnage which do not comply with paragraph 2 shall comply with all applicable requirements of chapter III of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 in force prior to 1 February 1992.
2 Radio life-saving appliances
2.1 Two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus
2.1.1 At least three two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus shall be provided on every passenger ship and on every cargo ship of 500 tons gross tonnage and upwards. At least two two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus shall be provided on every cargo ship of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards but less than 500 tons gross tonnage. Such apparatus shall conform to performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization**. If a fixed two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus is fitted in a survival craft it shall conform to performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization**.
* Regulations III/6.2.3 and 6.2.4 and as applicable regulations III/6.2.1, 6.2.2, 10.6, 38.3.2, 41.7.8 and 42.5 in force prior to 1 February 1992 (1983 SOLAS amendments). See also resolution 4 of the 1988 GMDSS Conference.
** Reference is made to the "Performance Standards for Survival Craft Two-Way VHF Radiotelephone Apparatus", adopted by the Organization by resolution A.605(15).
2.1.2 Two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus provided on board ships prior to 1 February 1992 and not complying fully with the performance standards adopted by the Organization may be accepted by the Administration until 1 February 1999 provided the Administration is satisfied that they are compatible with approved two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus.
2.2 Radar transponders
At least one radar transponder shall be carried on each side of every passenger ship and of every cargo ship of 500 tons gross tonnage and upwards. At least one radar transponder shall be carried on every cargo ship of 300 tons gross tonnage and upwards but less than 500 tons gross tonnage. Such radar transponders shall conform to performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the Organization*. The radar transponders** shall be stowed in such locations that they can be rapidly placed in any survival craft other than the liferaft or liferafts required by regulation III/ 26.1.4. Alternatively one radar transponder shall be stowed in each survival craft other than those required by regulation III/26.1.4.
* Reference is made to the "Performance Standards for Survival Craft Radar Transponders for Use in Search and Rescue Operations", adopted by the Organization by resolution A.697(17).
** One of these radar transponders may be the radar transponder required by regulation IV/7.1.3.
3 Distress flares
Not less than 12 rocket parachute flares, complying with the requirements of regulation III/35, shall be carried and be stowed on or near the navigating bridge.
4 On-board communications and alarm systems
4.1 An emergency means comprised of either fixed or portable equipment or both shall be provided for two-way communications between emergency control stations, muster and embarkation stations and strategic positions on board.
4.2 A general emergency alarm system complying with the requirements of regulation III/50 shall be provided and shall be used for summoning passengers and crew to muster stations and to initiate the actions included in the muster list. The system shall be supplemented by either a public address system or other suitable means of communication.
1.1 Lifebuoys complying with the requirements of regulation III/31.1 shall be:
.1 so distributed as to be readily available on both sides of the ship and as far as practicable on all open decks extending to the ship's side; at least one shall be placed in the vicinity of the stern;
.2 so stowed as to be capable of being rapidly cast loose, and not permanently secured in any way.
.2 At least one lifebuoy on each side of the ship shall be fitted with a buoyant lifeline complying with the requirements of regulation III/31.4 equal in length to not less than twice the height at which it is stowed above the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition, or 30 m, whichever is the greater.
1.3 Not less than one half of the total number of lifebuoys shall be provided with self-igniting lights complying with the requirements of regulation III/31.2; not less than two of these shall also be provided with self-activating smoke signals complying with the requirements of regulation III/31.3 and be capable of quick release from the navigating bridge; lifebuoys with lights and those with lights and smoke signals shall be equally distributed on both sides of the ship and shall not be the lifebuoys provided with lifelines in compliance with the requirements of paragraph 1.2.
1.4 Each lifebuoy shall be marked in block capitals of the Roman alphabet with the name and port of registry of the ship on which it is carried.
2.1 A lifejacket complying with the requirements of regulation III/32.1 or 32.2 shall be provided for every person on board the ship and, in addition:
.1 a number of lifejackets suitable for children equal to at least 10% of the number of passengers on board shall be provided or such greater number as may be required to provide a lifejacket for each child;
.2 a sufficient number of lifejackets shall be carried for persons on watch and for use at remotely located survival craft stations.
2.2 Lifejackets shall be so placed as to be readily accessible and their position shall be plainly indicated. Whether, due to the particular arrangements of the ship, the lifejackets provided in compliance with the requirements of paragraph 2.1 may become inaccessible, alternative provisions shall be made to the satisfaction of the Administration which may include an increase in the number of lifejackets to be carried.
3 Immersion suits
3.1 An immersion suit, of an appropriate size, complying with the requirements of regulation III/33 shall be provided for every person assigned to crew the rescue boat.
1 This regulation applies to all ships.
2 Clear instructions to be followed in the event of an emergency shall be provided for every person on board.
3 Muster lists complying with the requirements of regulation III/53 shall be exhibited in conspicuous places throughout the ship including the navigating bridge, engine-room and crew accommodation spaces.
4 Illustrations and instructions in appropriate languages shall be posted in passenger cabins and be conspicuously displayed at muster stations and other passenger spaces to inform passengers of:
.1 their muster station;
.2 the essential actions they must take in an emergency;
.3 the method of donning lifejackets.
1 This regulation applies to all ships.
2 Posters or signs shall be provided on or in the vicinity of survival craft and their launching controls and shall:
.1 illustrate the purpose of controls and the procedures for operating the appliance and give relevant instructions or warnings;
.2 be easily seen under emergency lighting conditions;
.3 use symbols in accordance with the recommendations of the Organization*.
1 This regulation applies to all ships.
2 There shall be a sufficient number of trained persons on board for mustering and assisting untrained persons.
3 There shall be a sufficient number of crew members, who may be deck officers or certificated persons on board, for operating the survival craft and launching arrangements required for abandonment by the total number of persons on board.
4 A deck officer or certificated person shall be placed in charge of each survival craft to be used. However, the Administration, having due regard to the nature of the voyage, the number of persons on board and the characteristics of the ship, may permit persons practised in the handling and operation of liferafts to be placed in charge of liferafts in lieu of persons qualified as above. A second-in-command shall also be nominated in the case of lifeboats.
5 The person in charge of the survival craft shall have a list of the survival craft crew and shall see that the crew under his command are acquainted with their duties. In lifeboats the second-in-command shall also have a list of the lifeboat crew.
* Reference is made to the "Symbols Related to Life-Saving Appliances and Arrangements" adopted by the Organization in resolution A.603(15).
6 Every motorized survival craft shall have a person assigned who is capable of operating the engine and carrying out minor adjustments.
7 The master shall ensure the equitable distribution of persons referred to in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 among the ship's survival craft.
1 Lifeboats and liferafts for which approved launching appliances are required shall be stowed as close to accommodation and service spaces as possible.
2 Muster stations shall be provided close to the embarkation stations. Each muster station shall have sufficient space to accommodate all persons assigned to muster at that station.
3 Muster and embarkation stations shall be readily accessible from accommodation and work areas.
4 Muster and embarkation stations shall be adequately illuminated by lighting supplied from the emergency source of electrical power required by regulation II-1/42 or 43, as appropriate.
5 Alleyways, stairways and exits giving access to the muster and embarkation stations shall be lighted. Such lighting shall be capable of being supplied by the emergency source of electrical power required by regulation II-1/42 or 43, as appropriate.
6 Davit-launched survival craft muster and embarkation stations shall be so arranged as to enable stretcher cases to be placed in survival craft.
7 An embarkation ladder complying with the requirements of regulation III/48.7 extending, in a single length, from the deck to the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition under unfavorable conditions of trim and with the ship listed not less than 15° either way shall be provided at each launching station or at every two adjacent launching stations. However, the Administration may permit such ladders to be replaced by approved devices to afford access to the survival craft when waterborne, provided that there shall be at least one embarkation ladder on each side of the ship. Other means of embarkation may be permitted for the liferafts required by regulation III/26.1.4.
8 Where necessary, means shall be provided for bringing the davit-launched survival craft against the ship's side and holding them alongside so that persons can be safety embarked.
Launching stations shall be in such positions as to ensure safe launching having particular regard to clearance from the propeller and steeply overhanging portions of the hull and so that, as far as possible, survival craft, except survival craft specially designed for free-fall launching, can be launched down the straight side of the ship.
If positioned forward, they shall be located abaft the collision bulkhead in a sheltered position and, in this respect, the Administration shall give special consideration to the strength of the launching appliance.
1 Each survival craft shall be stowed:
.1 so that neither the survival craft nor its stowage arrangements will interfere with the operation of any other survival craft or rescue boat at any other launching station;
.2 as near the water surface as is safe and practicable and, in the case of a survival craft other than a liferaft intended for throw-overboard launching, in such a position that the survival craft in the embarkation position is not less than 2 m above the waterline with the ship in the fully loaded condition under unfavorable conditions of trim and listed up to 20° either way, or to the angle at which the ship's weather deck edge becomes submerged, whichever is less;
.3 in a state of continuous readiness so that two crew members can carry out preparations for embarkation and launching in less than 5 min;
.4 fully equipped as required by this chapter;
.5 as far as practicable, in a secure and sheltered position and protected from damage by fire and explosion.
2 Lifeboats for lowering down the ship's side shall be stowed as far forward of the propeller as practicable. On cargo ships of 80 m in length and upwards but less than 120 m in length, each lifeboat shall be so stowed that the after end of the lifeboat is not less than the length of the lifeboat forward of the propeller. On cargo ships of 120 m in length and upwards and passenger ships of 80 m in length and upwards, each lifeboat shall be so stowed that the after end of the lifeboat is not less than 1.5 times the length of the lifeboat forward of the propeller. Where appropriate, the ship shall be so arranged that lifeboats, in their stowed positions, are protected from damage by heavy seas.
3 Lifeboats shall be stowed attached to launching appliances.
4 In addition to meeting the requirements of regulations III/23 and 29, liferafts shall be so stowed as to permit manual release from their securing arrangements.
5 Davit-launched liferafts shall be stowed within reach of the lifting hooks, unless some means of transfer is provided which is not rendered inoperable within the limits of trim and list prescribed in paragraph 1.2 or by ship motion or power failure.
6 Liferafts intended for throw-overboard launching shall be so stowed as to be readily transferable for launching on either side of the ship unless liferafts, of the aggregate capacity required by regulation III/26.1 to be capable of being launched on either side, are stowed on each side of the ship.
Rescue boats shall be stowed:
.1 in a state of continuous readiness for launching in not more than 5 min;
.2 in a position suitable for launching and recovery;
.3 so that neither the rescue boat nor its stowage arrangements will interfere with the operation of any survival craft at any other launching station;
.4 if it is also a lifeboat, in compliance with the requirements of regulation III/13.
1 Launching appliances complying with the requirements of regulation III/48 shall be provided for all survival craft except:
.1 survival craft which are boarded from a position on deck which is less than 4.5 m above the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition and which either:
.1.1 have a mass of not more than 185 kg; or
.1.2 are stowed for launching directly from the stowed position under unfavorable, conditions of trim of up to 10° and with the ship listed not less than 20° either way;
.2 survival craft having a mass of not more than 185 kg and which are carried in excess of the survival craft for 200% of the total number of persons on board the ship.
2 Each lifeboat shall be provided with an appliance which is capable of launching and recovering the lifeboat.
3 Launching and recovery arraignments shall be such that the appliance operator on the ship is able to observe the survival craft at all times during launching and for lifeboats during recovery.
4 Only one type of release mechanism shall be used for similar survival craft carried on board the ship.
5 Preparation and handling of survival craft at any one launching station shall not interfere with the prompt preparation and handling of any other survival craft or rescue boat at any other station.
6 Falls, where used, shall be long enough for the survival craft to reach the water with the ship in its lightest seagoing condition, under unfavorable conditions of trim and with the ship listed not less than 20° either way.
7 During preparation and launching, the survival craft, its launching appliance, and the area of water into which it is to be launched shall be adequately illuminated by lighting supplied from the emergency source of electrical power required by regulation II-l/42 or 43, as appropriate.
8 Means shall be available to prevent any discharge of water onto survival craft during abandonment.
9 If there is a danger of the survival craft being damaged by the ship's stabilizer wings, means shall be available, powered by an emergency source of energy, to bring the stabilizer wings inboard; indicators operated by an emergency source of energy shall be available on the navigating bridge to show the position of the stabilizer wings.
10 If lifeboats complying with the requirements of regulation III/42 or 43 are carried, a davit span shall be provided, fitted with not less than two lifelines of sufficient length to reach the water with the ship in its lightest seagoing condition, under unfavorable conditions of trim and with the ship listed not less than 20° either way.
1 The rescue boat embarkation and launching arrangements shall be such that rescue boat can be boarded and launched in the shortest possible time.
2 If the rescue boat is one of the ship's survival craft, the embarkation arrangements and launching station shall comply with the requirements of regulation III/11 and 12.
3 Launching arrangements shall comply with the requirements of regulation III/15, However, all rescue boats shall be capable of being launched, where necessary utilizing painters, with the ship making headway at speeds up to 5 knots in calm water.
4 Rapid recovery of the rescue boat shall be possible when loaded with its full complement of persons and equipment. If the rescue boat is also a lifeboat, rapid recovery shall be possible when loaded with its lifeboat equipment and the approved rescue boat complement of at least six persons.
A line-throwing appliances complying with the requirements of regulation III/49 shall be provided.
1 This regulation applies to all ships.
A training manual complying with the requirements of regulation III/51 shall be provided in each crew mess room and recreation room or in each crew cabin.
3 Practice musters and drills
3.1 Each member of the crew shall participate in at least one abandon ship drill and one fire drill every month. The drills of the crew shall take place within 24 h of the ship leaving a port if more than 25% of the crew have not participated in abandon ship and fire drills on board that particular ship in the previous month. The Administration may accept other arrangements that are at least equivalent for those classes of ship for which this is impracticable.
3.2 On a ship engaged on an international voyage which is not a short international voyage, musters of the passengers shall take place within 24 h after their embarkation. Passengers shall be instructed in the use of the lifejackets and the action to take in an emergency. If only a small number of passengers embark at a port after the muster has been held it shall be sufficient, instead of holding another muster, to draw the attention of these passengers to the emergency instructions required by regulations III/8.2 and 8.4.
3.3 On a ship engaged on a short international voyage, if a muster of the passengers is not held on departure, the attention of the passengers shall be drawn to the emergency instructions required by regulations III/8.2 and 8.4.
3.4 Each abandon ship drill shall include:
.1 summoning of passengers and crew to muster stations with the alarm required by regulation III/6.4.2 and ensuring that they are made aware of the order to abandon ship specified in the muster list;
.2 reporting to stations and preparing for the duties described in the muster list;
.3 checking that passengers and crew are suitably dressed;
.4 checking that lifejackets are correctly donned;
.5 lowering of at least one lifeboat after any necessary preparation for launching;
.6 starting and operating the lifeboat engine;
.7 operation of davits used for launching liferafts.
3.5 Different lifeboats shall, as far as practicable, be lowered in compliance with the requirements of paragraph 3.4.5 at successive drills.
3.6 Each lifeboat shall be launched with its assigned operating crew aboard and manoeuvred in the water at least once every 3 months during an abandon ship drill. The Administration may allow ships operating on short international voyages not to launch the lifeboats on one side if their berthing arrangements in port and their trading patterns do not permit launching of lifeboats on that side. However, all such lifeboats shall be lowered at least once every 3 months and launched at least annually.
3.7 As far