a) Unless expressly provided otherwise, the present regulations apply only to ships engaged on international voyages.
b) The classes of ships to which each chapter applies are more precisely defined, and the extent of the application is shown, in each chapter.
For the purpose of the present regulations, unless expressly provided otherwise:
a) regulations means the regulations contained in the Annex to the present Convention;
b) Administration means the Government of the State whose flag the ship is entitled to fly;
c) approved means approved by the Administration;
d) international voyage means a voyage from a country to which the present Convention applies to a port outside such country, or conversely;
e) a passenger is every person other than:
i) the master and the members of the crew or other persons employed or engaged in any capacity on board a ship on the business of that ship; and
ii) a child under one year of age;
f) a passenger ship is a ship which carries more than twelve passengers;
g) a cargo ship is any ship which is not a passenger ship;
h) a tanker is a cargo ship constructed or adapted for the carriage in bulk of liquid cargoes of an inflammable* nature;
* Inflammable has the same meaning as flammable.
i) a fishing vessel is a vessel used for catching fish, whales, seals, walrus or other living resources of the sea;
j) a nuclear ship is a ship provided with a nuclear power plant;
k) new ship means a ship the keel of which is laid or which is at a similar stage of construction on or after 25 May 1980;
l) existing ship means a ship which is not a new ship;
m) a mile is 1,852 metres or 6,080 feet;
n) anniversary date means the day and the month of each year which will correspond to the date of expiry of the relevant certificate.
a) The present regulations, unless expressly provided otherwise, do not apply to:
i) ships of war and troopships;
ii) cargo ships of less than 500 tons gross tonnage;
iii) ships not propelled by mechanical means;
iv) wooden ships of primitive build;
v) pleasure yachts not engaged in trade;
vi) fishing vessels.
b) Except as expressly provided in chapter V, nothing herein shall apply to ships solely navigating the Great Lakes of North America and the River St. Lawrence as far east as straight line drawn from Cap des Rosiers to West Point, Anticosti Island and, on the north side of Anticosti Island, the 63rd Meridian.
a) A ship which is not normally engaged on international voyages but which, in exceptional circumstances, is required to undertake a single international voyage may be exempted by the Administration from any of the requirements of the present regulations provided that it complies with safety requirements which are adequate in the opinion of the Administration for the voyage which is to be undertaken by the ship.
b) The Administration may exempt any ship which embodies features of a novel kind from any of the provisions of chapters II-1, II-2, III and IV